Searching the Wordindex

Revision 5.1 (May 27th, 2003)



This MHG Wordindex is fully text based, but it includes only the verbal material from texts that have been fully lemmatized. In general, it works just like a regular MHG wordindex with the following significant distinctions:
  1. Instead of NHG translations of the respective lemma you find meanings, which are listed at the bottom of your page. Each meaning is preceded by a number and may consist of one or several conceptual categories. The sum total of these categories listed under a given number represent the given meaning. For example, man has four meanings: "male human being", "low ranked dependent warrior", "husband" and "low-ranked vassal":

    1       Mensch                                  20000000
            Geschlecht                              21010000
    2       Mensch                                  20000000
            Geschlecht                              21010000
            Kriegswesen/Kampf/Allgemeines           23241000
            Dienstklasse                            24323000
            Unterste Klassen                        24325000
    3       Mensch                                  20000000
            Geschlecht                              21010000
            Ehe                                     23112200
    4       Dienstklasse                            24323000
            Lehenswesen                             24323100
    True homographs are listed as separate lemma entries. Thus, for instance, man representing the indefinite personal pronoun NE "one, people, you", is listed as a separate lemma entry.

  2. Compounds are listed as separate lemmas, but you may select these compounds from a list that appears on the same page with a given lemma serving as the basic component for these compounds.

Search Window

When you first enter the Wordindex page you will see the text field for the query string and the button Get it!. After entering your search string you simply click the Get it! button, or hit the return key. The MHDBDB will return a page with the results of your query.

Typical Wordindex Searches

You may search either for strings, lemmas, variants, categories or a combination of categories and words.
  1. Searching for strings, lemmas, variants:

    If you just enter any string, the system will retrieve any lemma or variant of a lemma that corresponds exactly to that string. For instance, entering man will yield three lemmas, man = noun; man = indefinite pronoun; manen = verb (as 'man' may also be a variant of 'manen').

    If you only want a specific lemma, you use the search string @man and you will only get the two lemmas man = noun; man = indefinite pronoun.

    You may also use the wild cards * and ?. For example, the search string @ar* will yield all lemmas that begin with the letters 'ar'. The search string @ar? gives you all lemmas beginning with the letters 'ar' followed by one character.

  2. Searching for compounds:

    You may search for compounds by using the ^ character before a lemma that may be used as a component. For instance, ^var will retrieve all compounds formed with the component var (NE colored).

  3. Searching for categories:

    Entering a category number will retrieve all lemmas that are currently listed under that category. For instance, entering 14021 will retrieve all lemmas that are listed for "Vögel/Allgemeines (birds/general)".

    Be careful: If you enter categories that are too general, you may get huge lists of lemmas, which may also result in a rather long response time. For this reason, there is a default limit of 1000 lemmas. Please, use the functions Search word in category system or Browse categories. instead.

  4. Searching for grammar tags:

    You may search for grammar tags and retrieve all lemmas of which at least one variant belongs to the given grammatical form. The search string <INJ>, for instance, will yield all interjections.

    Be careful: Using just the search string <VRB>, for instance, will result in an enormous list of lemmas. Therefore, in most cases, it is better to use the search string for grammar tags only in combination with modifiers.

  5. Combination searches::

    Combining two or more query types in a search string with an & character will yield all results that match both queries. For instance, the search string 2101&231122 will retrieve all lemmas listed under meanings that share the categories 2101 Geschlecht (gender) and 231122 Ehe (marriage). The search string 231125&a* gives you all personal names that begin with the letter 'a'. The combination <VRB>&2322 will yield all verbs relating to horsemanship.

The Query Result Page

On the query result page, you will find the following information:
  1. Lemma:

    Next to the MHDBDB image you will always find the respective lemma in boldface.

  2. Variants:

    Underneath the lemma you find the variants that have been assigned to it up to the current editorial stage. Next to each variant there is a frequency number. At the bottom of the variant list is the grand total number of frequencies. The frequency numbers reflect the current state of disambiguation. In other words, the variant has been assigned 'x' number of times to a meaning within context or the lemma has been assigned to meanings for the given grand total number of frequency. If there is a '0' frequency, it means that the variant or lemma has not been assigned to a meaning in context yet. It does not mean that it does not appear in the text base at all.

  3. Compounds:

    Underneath the variants you will find the list of compounds that have been formed with the given lemma. Each compound is a separate lemma and you may click on it to arrive at its own result page. Compounds generally inherit the meaning of the main component-lemma they are based on.


Once you retrieved your first lemma, you may browse back and forth along the alphabetical order by clicking on the respective arrows next to the retrieval button Get it!.

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